Cartography, 3rd edition
Visualization of Spatial Data

By Menno-Jan Kraak & Ferjan Ormeling
May 2010
Pearson Education
Distributed by Trans-Atlantic Publications
ISBN: 9780273722793
190 pages, Illustrated
$87.50 Paper original


This revised and updated edition integrates the latest in modern technology with traditional cartographic principles. While providing a solid conceptual foundation in cartographic methodology, the text also introduces the very latest advances that have greatly influenced cartographic techniques. The new edition reflects the increasing importance of cartography as the basis for further geographical study, the text has been updated throughout and chapters on the latest developments in cartography have been integrated. There is also a more widespread emphasis on multimedia and the web.




Chapter 1 Georgraphic information science and maps

1.1 The map as an interface

1.2 Geospatial data

1.3 Geographic information systems

1.4 Geospatial analysis operations

1.5 The spatial infrastructure and maps

Chapter 2 Data acquisition

2.1 The need to know acquisition methods

2.2 Vector file characteristics

2.3 Raster file characteristics

2.4 Deriving data from existing maps

2.5 Working with digital data

2.6 Control and accuracy

Chapter 3 Map characteristics

3.1 Maps are unique

3.2 Definitions of cartography

3.3 The cartographic communication process

3.4 Map functions and map types

Chapter 4 GIS applications: which map to use?

4.1 Maps and the nature of GIS applications

4.2 Cadastre and utilitites: use of large-scale maps

4.3 Geospatial analysis in geography: use of small-scale maps

4.4 Geospatial, thematic and temporal comparisons

Chapter 5 Map design and production

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Symbols to portray data related to points, lines, areas and volumes

5.3 Graphic variables

5.4 Conceptual and design aspects of text on the map

5.5 Requiremenets for the cartographic component of GIS packages

Chapter 6 Topography

6.1 Georeferencing

6.2 Map projections

6.3 Geometric transformations

6.4 Generalization

6.5 Relief

6.6 Topographic data: mapping and charting organizations

6.7 Geographical names

Chapter 7 Statistical mapping

7.1 Statistical surveys

7.2 Data analysis

7.3 Data classification

7.4 Catographical data analysis

7.5 Mapping methods

Chapter 8 Mapping time

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Mapping change

8.3 Animation

8.4 Dynamic variables

Chapter 9 Maps at work: presenting and using geospatial data in maps and atlases

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Paper atlases

9.3 Electronic atlases

9.4 Maps at work: map use functions

9.5 Working with (web-based) electronic atlases

Chapter 10 Maps at work: analysis and geovisualisation


10.2 Geovisual analytics

Chapter 11 Cartography at work: maps as decision tools

11.1 Again: why maps?

11.2 Management and documentation of spatial information

11.3 Outdated data: at work with the Digital Chart of the World

11.4 Acessibility: Cartography, GIS and geospatial information policy

11.5 Copyright and liability

11.6 Map use and usability

11.7 Maps and GIScience revisited




* New chapters on atlases and geovisualization, integrating the latest developments in cartography.

* Four, full-colour plate sections.

* Clear, concise writing style.

* Superb range of highly effective explanatory diagrams.

* Examples based on real-world cases, international in scope, and directly relevant to current studies.

* A comprehensive and up-to-date overview of a fast-moving subject that includes: 3D, animation, electronic atlases, data analysis and exploration, as well as multimedia and virtual reality.


Menno-Jan Kraak is professor in Geovisualization at ITC, The International Institute of Geo-information Sciences and Earth Observation in Enschede, The Netherlands.

Ferjan Ormeling is professor in Cartography at the Faculty of Geographical Sciences at Utrecht University, The Netherlands.

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