Teaching & Researching Language & Culture, 2nd edition
Applied Linguistics in Action

By Joan Kelly Hall
February 2012
Longman / Pearson Education
Distributed by the Trans-Atlantic Publications
ISBN: 9781408205068
264 Pages
$49.50 Paper original

Language and culture are concepts increasingly found at the heart of developments in applied linguistics and related fields. Taken together, they can provide interesting and useful insights into the nature of language acquisition and expression. In this volume, Joan Kelly Hall gives a perspective on the nature of language and culture looking at how the use of language in real-world situations helps us understand how language is used to construct our social and cultural worlds.The conceptual maps on the nature of language, culture and learning provided in this text help orient readers to some current theoretical and practical activities taking place in applied linguistics. They also help them begin to chart their own explorations in the teaching and researching of language and culture.



Chapter One A sociocultural perspective on language and culture

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Language as sociocultural resource

1.2.1 Dialogue as the essence of language use

1.2.2 Single- and double-voiced utterances

1.3 Culture as sociocultural practice

1.4 Linguistic relativity

1.5 A socially constituted linguistics

1.5.1 A socially constituted approach to the study of language and culture

1.5.2 The recent turn in studies of communicative activities

1.5.3 From linguistic relativity to sociolinguistic relativity

1.6 Systemic functional linguistics

1.7 Summary

Further reading

Chapter Two Language and identity

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Social identity

2.2.1 Contextual relevancy of social identity

2.3 Agency, identity and language use

2.3.1 Giddens’ theory of structuration

2.3.2 Bourdieu’s notion of habitus

2.4 Research on language use and identity

2.4.1 Interactional sociolinguistics

2.4.2 Co-construction of identity

2.5 Summary

Further reading

Chapter Three Language-and-culture learning

3.1 Introduction

3.2 A sociocultural perspective on language and culture learning

3.2.1 Mediational means

3.3 Language socialisation

3.4 Learning how to mean

3.5 Social activity and language development

3.6 Social activity and cognitive development

3.7 Contexts of learning

3.7.1 Language classrooms as fundamental sites of learning

3.7.2 Learning beyond the traditional classroom

3.7.3 The effects of globalization on sites of learning

3.8 Summary

Further reading


Chapter Four The sociocultural worlds of learners

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Language socialisation practices: Home and school connections

4.3 Language variation

4.4 Redesigning curriculum and instruction

4.4.1 Culturally responsive educational programmes

4.4.2 Funds of knowledge

4.4.3 Language awareness curricula

4.5 Summary

Further reading

Chapter Five Language and culture of the classroom

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Schools and classrooms as sociocultural communities

5.3 The role of classroom discourse

5.3.1 The The dominant pattern of interaction in classrooms

5.3.2 Changes in the third-turn that enhance learning opportunities

5.3.3 Social dimensions of classroom discourse

5.4 Redesigning curriculum and instruction

5.4.1 Communities of learners Communities of practice Key design principles in creating a community of learners Classrooms as communities of inquiry

5.4.2 Cooperative learning practices Components of cooperative learning practices

5.5 Summary

Further reading

Chapter Six Language and culture as curricular content

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Defining knowledge of language and culture

6.2.1 Communicative competence

6.2.2 Interactional competence

6.2.3 Communicative competence revisited

6.2.4 Intercultural communicative competence

6.2.5 Learning outcomes: Where are we going?

6.3 Pedagogical approaches for redesigning language classrooms

6.3.1 Critical pedagogy approach

6.3.2 Project-based learning Pragmatic ethnography

6.3.3 The multiliteracies project Genre-based pedagogy

6.4 Summary

Further reading


Chapter Seven The research enterprise

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Foundations of research on language and culture from a sociocultural perspective

7.3. Methodological considerations

7.3.1 Choice of methods

7.3.2 Transcription issues

7.4 Negotiating relationships

7.5 Research ethics

7.6 Summary

Further reading

Chapter Eight Approaches to research on language and Culture

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Ethnography of communication

8.3 Interactional sociolinguistics

8.4 Conversation analysis

8.5 Discourse analysis

8.6 Systemic functional linguistics

8.7 Critical discourse analysis

8.8 Linguistic ethnography

8.9 Microgenetic approach

8.10 Summary

Chapter Nine Guidelines for doing research

9.1 Introduction

9.2 The research cycle

9.2.1 Identifying concerns and developing research questions Negotiating access and relationships

9.2.2 Identifying research approach and sources of data (Participant) observations and fieldnotes Video-recordingsand other visual materials Interviews and questionnaires Focus groups Verbal protocols Personal reflection journals Archives and other documents

9.2.3 Collecting data

9.2.4 Analysing the data

9.2.5 Reflecting on the findings

9.2.6 Sharing findings and taking action where appropriate

9.3 Summary

Further reading

Chapter Ten Contexts of research

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Contexts of research

10.2.1 Macro social structures Suggestions for research projects

10.2.2 Institutional contexts Suggestions for research projects

10.2.3 Communicative activities Suggestions for research projects

10.2.4 Individual experiences Suggestions for research projects

10.3 Summary

Chapter Eleven Resources for teaching and researching language and culture

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Journals

11.3 Professional organizations

11.4 Web-based resources



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